Mehmet Ceyhan, a professor at Hacettepe University in Ankara, said the first rule for protection against the virus is to maintain good hygiene, especially frequent hand washing.
According to him, the virus can spread to humans during its incubation period, which ranges from two to 14 days.
“This virus spreads through the respiratory organs, just like influenza, meningitis, pneumonia and measles. In the cases of SARS and MERS, infection may occur after symptoms begin, but in COVID-19, infection occurs in the incubation period. For this reason, it is vital to take precautions, apply social isolation and be careful about hygiene, ”says Ceyhan.
Coronavirus is more contagious than SARS and MERS, he added, with a ratio of 3 to 1.8 and 2, respectively.
The professor told Anadolu Agency that there is still no vaccine for coronavirus as research continues.
“We do not know if any vaccine will be developed, or if any, and how successful the results will be. There are no guarantees, ”he says.
Speaking about ongoing US vaccine research, he said, “The vaccine the US is working on is different.”
“They are reviewing the previously developed SARS vaccine, but not used, to see if it will be effective at COVID-19. Genetically, COVID-19 is 85 percent similar to the SARS virus. “
He concluded that there are three possible scenarios for ending the pandemic.
“Many people will become immune by stopping the spread of the virus, or a vaccine will be discovered and people will become immune in this way. The third possibility is that the virus will mutate and lose the power to infect humans. A pandemic can only end with one of these three scenarios. In the case of SARS, it was found that the virus was mutated and ended up that way. “
Coronavirus (COVID-19) has claimed more than 15,000 lives worldwide, with more than 349,000 cases globally confirmed, according to data from the US-based Johns Hopkins University.